Vitamin B Complex/B vitamins; Types, Deficiency Symptoms, Food Source,

Vitamin B Complex/B vitamins  are a class of water-soluble vitamins that play important roles in cell metabolism. Though these vitamins share similar names, they are chemically distinct compounds which often coexist in the same foods. In general, dietary supplements containing all eight are referred to as a vitamin B Read More …

Vitamin A; Types, Deficiency Symptoms, Food Source, Health Benefit

Vitamin A is a group of unsaturated nutritional organic compounds that includes retinol, retinal, retinoic acid, and several provitamin A carotenoids (most notably beta-carotene). Vitamin A has multiple functions: it is important for growth and development, for the maintenance of the immune system and good vision. Vitamin A is needed by the retina of the eye in Read More …

Metoclopramide; Indications, Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Interactions ,Pregnancy

Metoclopramide

Metoclopramide is a substituted benzamide and a derivative of para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) that is structurally related to procainamide, with gastroprokinetic and antiemetic effects. Metoclopramide exerts its prokinetic effect by antagonizing dopamine-mediated relaxation effect on gastrointestinal smooth muscle. This enhances the response of the gastrointestinal smooth muscle to Read More …

Cefquinome; Indications/Uses, Dosage, Side effects, Interaction ,Pregnancy

Cefquinome

Cefquinome is a semisynthetic, broad-spectrum, fourth-generation aminothiazolyl cephalosporin with antibacterial activity. Cefquinome binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall. PBPs are enzymes involved in the terminal stages of assembling the bacterial cell wall and Read More …

Cefpirome; Uses, Contra indications, Dosage, Side effects, Interaction

Cefpirome

Cefpirome is a semisynthetic, broad-spectrum, fourth-generation cephalosporin with antibacterial activity. Cefpirome binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall. PBPs are enzymes involved in the terminal stages of assembling the bacterial cell wall and in Read More …

Cefozopran; Mechanism, Uses, Contraindications, Dosage, Side effects,

Cefozopran

Cefozopran is a semisynthetic, broad-spectrum, fourth-generation cephalosporin with antibacterial activity. Cefozopran binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall. PBPs are enzymes involved in the terminal stages of assembling the bacterial cell wall and in Read More …

Cefoselis; Mechanism, Uses, Contra indications, Dosage, Side effects

Repaglinide

Cefoselis is a semisynthetic, broad-spectrum, beta-lactamase-resistant, fourth-generation cephalosporin with antibacterial activity. Cefoselis binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall. PBPs are enzymes involved in the terminal stages of assembling the bacterial cell wall and Read More …

Cefluprenam; Uses, Contraindications, Dosage, Side effects, Interaction

Cefluprenam

Cefluprenam is a semisynthetic, broad-spectrum, fourth-generation cephalosporin with antibacterial activity. It binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall. PBPs are enzymes involved in the terminal stages of assembling the bacterial cell wall Read More …

Cefepime; Indications, Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Interaction ,Pregnancy

Cefepime

Cefepime is a semisynthetic, broad-spectrum, fourth-generation cephalosporin with antibacterial activity. Cefepime binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall. PBPs are enzymes involved in the terminal stages of assembling the bacterial cell wall and in Read More …

Cefclidin; Mechanism, Uses, Contraindications, Dosage, Side effects,

Cefclidin

Cefclidin is a fourth-generation, parenteral cephalosporin with strong activity against glucose non-fermentative bacillus bacteria, but is ineffective against gram-positive cocci. Pharmacology of Cefclidin Cefclidin is a fourth-generation, parenteral cephalosporin with strong activity against glucose non-fermentative bacillus bacteria, but is ineffective against gram-positive cocci. Cefclidin is a fourth-generation, parenteral Read More …

Anticholinergic Drugs; Types, Indications/Uses, Side Effects, Drug Interactions

Anticholinergic Drugs

Anticholinergic drugs agent is a substance that blocks the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the central and the peripheral nervous system. These agents inhibit parasympathetic nerve impulses by selectively blocking the binding of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine to its receptor in nerve cells. The nerve fibers of the parasympathetic system are responsible for the involuntary movement of smooth Read More …

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors; Types, Mechanism, Uses, Side Effects, Interactions

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) are a class of drugs that inhibit the activity of one or both monoamine oxidase enzymes, monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) and monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B). They have a long history of use as medications prescribed for the treatment of depression. They are particularly effective in Read More …

Estrogen , Oestrogen; Types, Uses, Contra Indications, Side Effects, Interactions

Estrogen

Estrogen, oestrogen, is the primary female sex hormone. It is responsible for the development and regulation of the female reproductive system and secondary sex characteristics. There are three major endogenous estrogens in females that have estrogenic hormonal activity: estrone, estradiol, and estriol. The estrane steroid estradiol is the most potent and prevalent of these. Estrogens are a pharmaceutical Read More …

Benzodiazepines; Types, Uses, Contra Indications, Side Effects, Interactions

Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines sometimes called “benzos“, are a class of psychoactive drugs whose core chemical structure is the fusion of a benzene ring and a diazepine ring. The benzodiazepines are a large class of medications that have multiple clinical uses including therapy of anxiety, insomnia, muscle spasm, alcohol Read More …