Dengue Fever, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

Dengue fever

Dengue fever also known as breakbone fever is a mosquito-borne infectious tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle, and joint pains, and a characteristic skin rash that is similar to measles. In a small proportion of cases, the disease develops into life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever, which results in bleeding, thrombocytopenia, and leakage of blood plasma, Read More …

Alopecia Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Alopecia Causes/Hair loss also is known as alopecia or baldness, refers to a loss of hair from part of the head or body. Typically at least the head is involved. The severity of hair loss can vary from a small area to the entire body. Typically inflammation or scarring is not present. Hair loss in some people causes psychological distress. Hair loss is often distressing and can have a significant effect on the patient’s quality Read More …

Amputation, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

Amputation is a major health burden on the families, society, and on medical services as well. Traumatic limb amputation is a catastrophic injury and an irreversible act which is sudden and emotionally devastating for the victims. In addition, it causes inability to support self and the family and driving many patients toward various psychiatric disorders. Extensive information regarding the effects Read More …

Confusion; Causes, Symptom, Diagnosis, Treatment

Confusion

Confusion is a common neuropsychiatric syndrome in the elderly. The DSM-IV-TR defines delirium as a “disturbance of consciousness and a change in cognition that develop over a short period of time. The syndrome includes fluctuations in consciousness over the course of the day, a reduced ability to focus, sustain and shift attention, and evidence that the disturbance is caused by Read More …

Amblyopia Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

Amblyopia Symptoms/Amblyopia is a relatively common developmental disorder (affecting 2-4% of the population) that results in a dramatic loss of spatial acuity in the affected eye and subsequent binocular dysfunction. The condition is caused by disruption of normal visual input during the critical period(s) of visual development – post-natal windows of experience-dependent neural plasticity [rx]. The neural locus of the Read More …

Peripheral Neuropathy, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Peripheral neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy is a general term that indicates any disorder of the peripheral nervous system. It is a common neurological disorder, with variable presentation and numerous causes. The broad definition of peripheral neuropathy includes all types of diseases associated with the peripheral neurons system; hence, there is a need to subclassify this disorder, and the clinical approach has to be Read More …

Nerve Pain Treatment, Causes, Symptoms

Nerve Pain Treatment

Nerve Pain Treatment/Neuropathic pain (NP) has been defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) as “pain caused by a lesion or disease of the somatosensory nervous system” NP is a common condition that results from various aetiologies and can be categorised into either peripheral or central NP syndromes. Central NP is the result of a central lesion Read More …

Conjunctivitis Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

Conjunctivitis Symptoms

Conjunctivitis Symptoms/Conjunctivitis is any inflammation of the conjunctiva, generally characterised by irritation, itching, foreign body sensation, and watering or discharge. Treatment is often based on clinical suspicion that the conjunctivitis is bacterial, without waiting for the results of microbiological tests. In this review, therefore, we have distinguished the effects of empirical treatment from effects of treatment in people with culture-positive Read More …

Rheumatic Fever, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

Rheumatic Fever

Rheumatic fever (RF) is an autoimmune, multiorgan inflammatory disease that occurs as a result of group A β-hemolytic streptococcal infection in genetically syusceptible individuals [rx]. Rheumatic fever is an immunologically mediated inflammatory disease, that occurs as a delayed sequel to group A streptococcal throat infection, in genetically susceptible individuals. Chronic rheumatic heart disease remains an important public health problem in Read More …