Tolterodine; Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Drug Interactions

Magnesia carbonica

Tolterodine is a benzhydryl compound and a muscarinic receptor antagonist possessing both antimuscarinic and antispasmodic properties. Both tolterodine and its active metabolite, 5-hydroxymethyl tolterodine, competitively blocks muscarinic receptors, thereby inhibiting acetylcholine binding. This antagonistic action results in an increase in residual urine, reflecting an Read More …

Mirabegron; Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Drug Interactions

Mirabegron

Mirabegron is an orally bioavailable agonist of the human beta-3 adrenergic receptor (ADRB3), with muscle relaxing, neuroprotective and potential antineoplastic activities. Upon oral administration, mirabegron binds to and activates ADRB3, which leads to smooth muscle relaxation. Mirabegron also restores sympathetic stimulation in mesenchymal stem cell Read More …

Astaxanthin Suppliment; Uses, Dosage, Side Effects

Astaxanthin Suppliment

 Astaxanthin Supplement is a keto-carotenoid. It belongs to a larger class of chemical compounds known as terpenes (in Asthaxanthin’s case, a tetraterpenoid); terpenes are built from five-carbon precursors; isopentenyl diphosphate (or IPP) and dimethylallyl diphosphate (or DMAPP). Astaxanthin is classified as a xanthophyll (originally derived from a word meaning Read More …

Hyaluronic Acid; Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Interactions

Hyaluronic Acid

Hyaluronic Acid is a glucosaminoglycan consisting of the D-glucuronic acid and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine disaccharide units that is a component of connective tissue, skin, vitreous humor, umbilical cord, synovial fluid and the capsule of certain microorganisms contributing to adhesion, elasticity, and viscosity of extracellular substances Hyaluronic acid Read More …

Melitracen; Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Interactions

Melitracen

Melitracen is a tricyclic antidepressant respectively, for the treatment of depression and anxiety. In addition to single drug preparations, it is also available as Deanxit, a combination product containing both melitracen and flupentixol Mechanism of action of Melitracen Flupentixol inhibits dopamine-mediated effects by blocking postsynaptic dopamine receptors in the CNS. Read More …

Mycophenolate Mofetil; Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Interaction

Mycophenolate Mofetil

Mycophenolate Mofetil is the morpholinoethyl ester of mycophenolic acid (MPA) with potent immunosuppressive properties. Mycophenolate stops T-cell and B-cell proliferation through selective inhibition of the de novo pathway of purine biosynthesis. In vivo, the active metabolite, MPA, reversibly inhibits inosine 5′-monophosphate dehydrogenase, an enzyme involved in the de novo Read More …

Cyclosporine; Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Drug Interactions

Cyclosporine

Cyclosporine is a calcineurin inhibitor and potent immunosuppressive agent used largely as a means of prophylaxis against cellular rejection after solid organ transplantation. Cyclosporine therapy can be associated with mild elevations in serum bilirubin and transient serum enzyme elevations, and to rare instances of clinically Read More …