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The hacker community is a big supporter of Open Source software. You should contribute to open source projects when you can. In order to improve your programming skills, you can start an open source project and work on it. Download the source code of popular open source projects and study the code. Sourceforge and Github are excellent starting points. Alternatively, start your own project and post the source code online. This will help you get recognition.
The Windows operating system may be easy and convenient for most users, but it is certainly not suited for hackers. With the exception of a few windows only tools, most hacking tools run best under Linux environment. I have given a list of . 9 out of those 10 tools run best under Linux. You can use any Linux distribution like Ubuntu or Fedora, but BackTrack and Kali are two major Linux distros specifically designed for hackers. They come loaded with all the popular hacking tools, saving you from the trouble of downloading them yourself. If you are not comfortable with leaving windows as yet, you can use VirtualBox to install BackTrack in your system, or you can dual boot your operating systems.
Information Technology is a huge field. If you look at your college or university, your professors know about programming concepts and theory, the System Administrator knows about networks and systems, the website developers know web programming and designing. You, as a hacker, must know all these things and more.
Best Programming Language for Hacking
C and C++
C and C++ are critical low-level programming languages that you need to know as a cybersecurity professional.
These languages provide access to low-level IT infrastructure such as RAM and system processes, which if not well protected, hackers can easily exploit.
The C programming language is the backbone of most operating systems. It is a lean, flexible, and efficient language that can be used to complete a wide range of tasks such as cryptography, image processing, and socket networking. Essentially, C++ is usually regarded as C’s big brother — which has been concocted with crack, meth, and steroids and mixed without any favors. C++ is a fantastic language that is largely based on C’s source code. There are several cybersecurity programs created using C++. For example, Nmap, the network mapper tool, is created using C++.
PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor)
SQL (Structured Query Language)
SQL (Structured Query Language) is mostly used in managing data stored in databases.
Because of the current explosion of data storage systems, SQL is widely used for maintaining and retrieving data. Similarly, hackers are increasingly orchestrating the language for damaging or exfiltrating the stored data. For example, SQL injection attacks involve exploiting SQL vulnerabilities to steal or modify data kept in databases.
Therefore, having a good understanding of the SQL language is critical in your cybersecurity career.
This programming language is well known for its simplicity and also it is one of the most popular introductory languages in best U.S. universities.
Python is a high-level programming language that is increasingly becoming popular among cyber experts. It’s gaining traction mainly because of its adherence to code readability, clear and simple syntax, and availability of an extensive number of libraries. So, whatever task you want to do, you can always complete it easily with Python. For example, you can use the language to send TCP-packets to machines, perform malware analysis, and create intrusion detection systems with minimal reliance on third-party tools.
Perl is worth learning for practical reasons; it’s very widely used for active web pages and system administration so that even if you never write Perl you should learn to read it. Perl is a very useful programming language used in These days it is used for Ethical Hacking, Penetration Testing and many more.
The mother of all programming language, C is most used in software creation for Linux, Windows etc. However, it is also used for Exploit writing and development. Although C++ is a more powerful language than C and is used in a lot of programs, like games. Here are some basic examples of C programming.
Java was originally released with the slogan “write once, run anywhere,” which was intended to underscore its cross-platform capabilities. You can make tools using Java and it can also be used to create backdoor exploits as well as exploits that can kill a computer.
Lisp is the second-oldest high-level programming language in widespread use today. LISP is absolutely wide open and flexible, makes it hacker’s favorite. You can define your own syntax, and often do. You can create any sort of programming paradigm you like and include it in your programs.